Teaching through questioning
One of the oldest and still one of the most effective teaching method is called Socratic teaching. In Socratic teaching the focus is on giving students questions and then more questions. You do not lecture or even talk about a subject. This is method of inquiring about an issue probing learners for further thinking and further responses, those more questions and deeper thinking for getting responses. This method has a many applications for many different subjects. In doing so you are helping learners to call to mind what they have learned precociously or their tacit knowledge
The process of questions can be totally unstructured from the beginning or the facilitator can carefully lead learner through a carefully structured sequence and be aware of pre-determine answers – thus allowing for probing with further questioning.
In designing Socratic questioner a facilitator should:
During a Socratic teaching session, Learners:
Preparing for using the Socratic Method
You must have clear vision of the lesson you want your learners to take away from a session. It is essential to have your endpoint in mind so that you can always be angling toward it. You can launch the discussion by asking something that has a great chance of getting a response. You must really build on a strong initial question. Prepare an additional 6-10 follow-up questions that are apt to be used during the discussion.
Marios Siathas, General Manager, EIMF